John Miltons epic poem Paradise Lost consciously seeks to justify the ways of God to men. The Apostle Pauls magisterial letter to the Romans does not so much intend to defend Gods ways as to declare Gods Worda Word made public in the gospel. In Romans 911 this declaration occurs within the context of Gods troubled relationship with Israel, both past and future. God and Israel traces the ways in which providence and purpose are realized as Gods Word to and about Israel in Romans 911. Written by gifted and tested Pauline interpreters, the volume offers a fresh reading of this vexed and vexing part of Paul in the context of Romans and the Pauline witness. God and Israel squarely tackles the questions of Pauls understanding of salvation-historical time (L. Ann Jervis); the faithfulness and sovereignty of the covenantal God (Michael Wolter); Pauls mythic rhetoric of ingrafting (Davina C. Lopez); the disputed relation between Israel and her enemies, the Gentiles (J. Ross Wagner); the role of Christ in Gods purposes and his relation to the nation of Israel (Simon Gathercole); and, finally, the unfailing eschatological hope for Israels full inclusion (Jonathan A. Linebaugh). If only simple solutions are sought for the challenges Pauls gospel and his letters pose, frustration will result. But if readers follow the Apostle to the Gentiles as he wrestles with ultimate questions of Gods purposes in his own anguish over kith and kin, then wisdom will be found.